Tridosha: An Ayurveda Philosophy,Types, Subtypes, Basic Importance In Treatment.

Ayurveda is an ocean of knowledge, a science of life, a tradition of thousands of years. It is the science that deals with nature and grows with Philosophy. Ayurveda believes in some basic fundamental thoughts which are the main base of Ayurvedic Science and Treatment. However, it is a natural philosophy, a kind supreme thought which is very interesting and effective in the lines of treatment. The terms like Vata, Pitta, Kapha are very common in many Indian languages but the maximum time they are wrongly interpreted or understood by common people due to lack of knowledge regarding these matters. Unfortunately many Ayurvedic physicians are also not practicing this thousand of years of philosophy in their day to day practice, which is very worst thing for this long-standing philosophy.


The Ayurvedic Philosophy is all about the Tri-Dosha, the three all-important trio
  1. Vata,
  2. Pitta
  3. Kapha.
People from this science are well known about these the terminologies but for whom I am writing , the common people it mast be a very new thing. So we will go through in a very short about this trio,their basics & importance in the human body. It is very tuff to make a Cristal clear knowledge about them for the treatment and diagnostic purpose. A long time experience and dedication needs to feel the existence of this trio in our bodies. Other than Ayurvedic Classics  In many Indian  works of literature of ancient times where the functions and importance of these Tri-Dosha were well described.
       Tri-Dosha is highly important three body supporting components in the balanced condition and interestingly which are can't be seen in naked eyes but can’t be felt with a human’s behavioral traits or anatomical traits. But if they became abnormal then they create disease. For Ayurvedic Physicians they are the prime targets and they try to evaluate the states of Tri-Dosha in any Individuals. 

Types & Sub-Types Of Doshas:

Vata or Vayu:

Vata is the main factor for all activities like walking, talking, respiration, running, hearts activity, the flow of arteries etc in the balanced condition. But if the same  Vata became abnormal then it creates diseases like loss of hearing, loss of speech, Hypertension, constipation, abdominal distention, arthritis, all kind of Pains.
Vata or Vayu has divided into five (5) Sub-Types.
  1.    Prana Vayu
  2.    Udana Vayu
  3.    Samana Vayu
  4.    Vayan Vayu
  5.    Apana Vayu


Pitta is the ultimate thing that maintains all metabolic activities in the body. Starting from digestion to absorption, our taste sensation, vision, blood formation, body colorization, hair colorization etc all are maintained by Pitta in normal balanced position. But in abnormal condition Pitta causes diseases like bleeding disorders, anorexia, metabolic disorders, hormonal disturbances, burning sensations, hair fall, Early graying of hairs, skin pigmentation etc.
Pitta is also of five (5) Type
  1. Pachak Pitta
  2. Ranjak Pitta
  3. Sadak Pitta
  4. Alochak Pitta
  5. Bhrajak Pitta


Kapha is the ultimate composer or structure maintaining component which helps in the binding of all body parts together. Our memory, body growth, body fluids, skeleton structure binding, tendons, ligaments all are attached with joints because of Kapha. But in the abnormal condition, Kapha creates diseases like diabetes, loss of memory, obesity, subluxation of joints etc.
Kapha is also Five (5) Types  
  1. Kledhaka Kapha
  2. Avalambaka Kapha
  3. Bodhaka  Kapha
  4. Tarpaka Kapha
  5. Slesaka Kapha

Basic Facts About Doshas:

  1. Dosha are absolutely essential components in balanced condition.
  2. Dosha is also the cause of disease if they increase or decreases from their normal state.
  3. Doshas are closely related with Dhatu (Essential Body Components like Body Fluid, Blood, Bones, Skin, Muscles etc. …..they are 7 in numbers) & Mala (Body excretions) in the formation of diseases.
  4. Certain Dosha can be predominant in an individuals from the time of birth
  5. Doshas changes their activity according to
  6. Movement of Sun (Means As Day Progress Kapha remain dominant in the morning but in the middle of the day Pitta remains dominant while Vata rules in the evening. 
  7. According to the change of season the Dosha also changes their dominance.
  8. Dosha closely related with foods that we take.
  9. Dosha closely related with the taste of food like Sweet and Sour Substances increases the dominance of Kapha.
  10. Dosha is closely related to the place of living. Like people of Bengal are dominated with Kapha.
  11. Dosha is the basic things by which Ayurvedic doctors determines the Prakriti (Patient’s Basic Profile) of their patients before treating them……….and lots of more.


To describe the concept of Tridosa we need a book of more than thousands of pages and few years of practice and observation. It is a very basic thing which is widely distributed all over Ayurvedic concepts, treatments, diagnosis. Here we discussed it in very very short for just an introduction about the matter. One thing that is clear to me after last few years of practice that if follow the guidelines given in the classics regarding the basics of dosha then it will be very tuff to treat anyone according to that principles but if we can do that then Ayurveda will work like a magic for us.

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