Indrabaruni (Cirullus colocynthis/Bitter apple) : Chemical Composition, Ayurvedic View, Medicinal Use

Family:

  • Cucutrbitaceae

Scientific Name:

  • Cirullus colocynthis 

Common Names of Cirullus colocynthis :

  1. Indrabaruni
  2. Gabakshi 
  3. Gobakshi 
  4. Chitra 
  5. Indriyan 
  6. Rakhal Sasha
  7. Kourtomma 
  8. Indrabanna
  9. Pikkumutti
  10. Tumbikyoi
  11. Paparbudum
  12. Hangjal
  13. Kharbuj- a-talakh 
  14. Colocynth 
  15. Bitter apple 

Chemical Constituents of Cirullus colocynthis:

  1. Colocynthin
  2. A-elaterin
  3. Hentriacontane
  4. Soponin
  5. Ipuranol ....etc.

Ayurvedic Concept of Indrubaruni:

  1. Guna : Laghu, Ruksha, Tikshna
  2. Vipak: Katu 
  3. Rasa Tikta 
  4. Virya: Ushna

Medicinal Use of of Cirullus colocynthis :

  1. Indrabaruni is used for the sodhan karma in kapha-paittik diseases. 
  2. Cirullus colocynthis is traditionally used for the treatment of  hair fall. 
  3. Cirullus colocynthis is good for the treatment of Ulcer and cysts. 
  4. Cirullus colocynthis is good for the treatment of insects bites. 
  5. Cirullus colocynthis is used in abdominal diseases, abdominal lump. 
  6. Cirullus colocynthis is good for the treatment of Hepatitis. 
  7. Cirullus colocynthis is good for the treatment of rheumatic disease. 
  8. Cirullus colocynthis is good for worms. 
  9. Indrabaruni is indicated as blood purifying agent. 
  10. It is used in cough and cold. 
  11. Cirullus colocynthis is good for the treatment of menstrual disorders. 
  12. Cirullus colocynthis is good for the treatment diabetes. 

Used Part:

  1. Phala Churna (Seeds Powder)  1/8 to 1/2 gram
  2. Mool Churna (Root powder)  1-3 grams 

Special Compositions:

  • Narayan Churna 


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