PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL BASIS OF PATIENT TYPOLOGY IN AYURVEDA
The principle of biological individuality is central to Ayurvedic diagnosis and treatment. There is an unseen but
well perceived link between mind and body exerting a deep and powerful influence over the body in terms of
health and longevity. Disruption in homeostasis or immune mechanisms, is the primary factor in the etiology of
disease. Mental and emotional factors are critical to the development of these diseases.
Ayurveda has identified the points of connection between mind and body. The specific meeting point
of mind and body, has constellation of unique psychophysiological characteristics that constitute the individual
According to Ayurveda, three irreducible physiological principles called Doshas regulate the different functions
of mind and body. In Sanskrit, the three doshas are called Vata, Pitta and Kapha. Although the doshas regulate
thousands of separate functions in mind/body system, they are recognised as having three basic functions
Vata dosha represents motion and flow. Physiologically, it is at the basis of respiration,circulation and neuromus
cular activity Vata imbalance predisposes to diseases of the nervous system, chronic pain, cardiac arrhythmias,
rheumatic disorders, constipation, anxiety and insomnia.
Pitta dosha directs all metabolic activities, energy exchange and digestion. Pitta imbalance predisposes to peptic
ulcers, hypertension, inflammatory bowel diseases, skin diseases and allergic reactions. It is also responsible
for anger, envy and jealousy
Kapha dosha represents structure and cohesion and fluid balance. Kapha imbalance predisposes towards diseases
of the respiratory system, sinusitis, diabetes mellitus, obesity, atherosclerosis and tumors. It is also responsible
for feelings of attachment and greed
Knowing the psychophysiological type can help the allopathic physicians diagnose existing disorders and predict
risk for future illness.
Thanks to Maharshi Ayurveda.